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Camera Types and Evaluation
PhotographyThinking about being either a professional or amateur photography? Here are some tips to help you understand what type of camera to pick from.
Point and ShootThe Point and Shoot cameras have a wide range of models from the disposable to the new Advanced Photo Systems. They range in prices from $7., for the disposable, to about $200 for some of the more advanced systems. Simplicity in taking pictures are their hallmarks, since they move much of the guess work and make shooting pictures fool proof. Lack of camera control is their main disadvantage. Repairing them can be a costly matter when compared to their prices. But they do provide an easy way for the average person to take moderately good pictures at a relatively good price. This also applies to the new picture taking capabilities of the iphone and smart phones
Cell PhonesThe Smart or Cell Phone has revolutionized the process of taking casual pictures. Billions of images are being taken with this easy to use, reliable type of photography. They have limited controls but are a handy way of taking very quick images and videos. They also can be use to send your photos to your friends and relatives without the use of mail or computers.
This is the camera that is used by most professional and advanced amateurs. 35 mm cameraThe 35 mm SLR Camera are light weight, adaptive and moderately priced. Control over lenses, exposures and flashes give this type of camera a distinct advantage. A wide variety of lenses and filters can be installed in a matter of seconds, thus giving the photographer the ability to create many different effects. Flashes and strobes can be connected to improve the quality of the finished product. The exposure controls can be changed so as to allow a great latitude in shooting under many different settings and conditions. Set up time, complexity and cost are the three main draw backs to this system.. I would recommend you take a course in basic photography with this camera.
Digital CameraThe Digital Camera is very much like the 35mm camera. but it does not use film. It records your images on a CCD (charge-coupled device) or a CMOS (complementary metal-oxide semiconductor) imaging array. You have the advantage of being able to see all your pictures before they are printed and deleting those you don't care for. Furthermore you can edit any picture using photo programs on your home computer. They come in SLR and point and shot styles and have a vast array of shooting options. I would recommend you take a course in basic photography with this camera. 
120mm CameraThe 120 mm Medium Format Camera uses 120 mm film and is used mostly by professional portrait and artistic photographers. They are extremely expensive and I do not recommend them to the average budding photographer. The photographer, using an SLR camera, sees the subject through the actual lens of the camera. This is done through a series of mirrors that reflects the image to the viewfinder. A direct view camera (most point and shoot ) on the other hand, sees the subject through a small viewer to the upper left of the lens. The photographer does not see the picture as it will become, but what it is through that viewer. I prefer the SLR, it may cost more but the accuracy it provides is worth the extra cost.
 

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