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Frequently Asked Question
PhotographyProblem Solving Made Easy
Here are some quick and easy answers to some profound questions.
What is the 500 Rule?- A method for determining the proper settings for a starry night shoot! Here are some sites to explain how to use this rule: Shutter Muse, Exploring Exposure, PetaPexals, Mike Salway Chart
What is the Rule of Thirds?- Composing an image by dividing into nine equal parts using two equally spaced horizontal lines and two equally spaced vertical lines. The photographer should place important elements of the image within and along these lines. Supposedly this technique should create better composition for the viewer.  Here are some sites that explain how to use this rule: Wikipedia, Digital Photography School, Photography Mad, My Modern Met
What is Red Eye?-It refers to what happens when the light strikes the retina and bounces back to your camera. This is a very common problem with point and shoot cameras

Move the subject away.
Increase the light in the room.
Use the built in red eye reducing pop up flash.
Bounce the light off the ceiling. Have the subject look away.

Shoot at an angle to the subject

How do I blur the background of my photo and keep the subject sharp?-There are several ways to accomplish this feat of photo expertise: Depth of Field is the distance between the nearest and furthest object in a picture. The lower the F Stop number (below 5.6) the greater the background will be blurred, The higher the F Stop number (above 5.6) the sharper the background image.
Set the camera to Aperture Priority (AV) and lower the Aperture F Stop Setting,
Zoom in with  a telephoto lens.
Stand closer to the subject
Move the subject further away from a background.
Read More: WikiHow, DSLR Tips (includes video), Digital Photography School,
The Digital Picture.com
What causes shadows-This is the result of the subject being too close to the wall for background shadow. Excessive outdoor shadows on the subject are due to the placement of the subject in relation to the sun
For back ground shadows: Move the subject forward or bounce the light off the ceiling.
For facial shadows: use a filler flash or move the subject to a better location. Watch out for hot spots! Don't pick an area which is a mixture of shadow and sunlight.
My pictures are too dark-You might be too far from your subject or your settings may be wrong on your flash or camera.
Most flashes have a range of no greater than 12 feet.( Some point and shoots are even less). So move your subject closer to you or the camera closer to the subject. Your might try setting your F-stop to 5.6 and your shutter to 30th or 60th of a second.
I have poor point and shoot focusing-Your point and shoot camera has a very limited lens and flash range.
Move the camera away from the subject or the subject away from the camera.
I have green tones pictures-Florescent light causes this effect. It may look clear or white to you but the film sees it as green.
Change the bulbs to day light (expensive).
Use a flash to correct the effect. On a SLR camera add an FLD filter.
Fuji film seems to correct this problem.
I have orange tones pictures-Typical light bulbs use tungsten which causes this effect. The film sees it as orange light.
Use Tungsten balanced film.
Change the bulbs to non Tungsten bulbs.

Use a filler flash.
Some photographers use the tungsten to add warmth and ambiance
I want to use my camera underwater.-You have been watching too many National Geographic TV specials.
Don't! Unless your camera is made for that activity. I would strongly recommend you don't even think about it!!
I want to avoid blurred action pictures.-Blurred pictures are caused by having the wrong settings on your camera, (sorry point and shoots don't have these settings)
For an action shot move your shutter speed to the highest possible that lighting conditions will allow (over 125). Also use 400 speed film.
I don't want to use your lens cover.-You feel it gets in the way.
Keep the lens cover on the camera, when not in use. A nick or scratch can cost more to repair than the lens itself cost.
My lens has dirt and finger prints on it.-Your child was touching the lens.
Clean it with photographic cleaner only. NEVER use eye glass cleaner. It can take the protective coat off the lens.