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Digital Photography School 4 Great Pieces of Camera Equipment to Help You Get Creative
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Photographic Equipment
PhotographyBelow are the major pieces of equipment you will need to become a great photographer. Learning about the equipment will help you  become a great photographer.
Photography Digital Camera 35mm Camera Flash Meters Tripod
Photography Digital Camera 35mm Camera Flash Light Meters Tripods
CameraCamera
There are 5 types of cameras, Single Lens Reflex (SLR), Point and Shoot (P&S), Digital Camera, Medium Format Camera (120 mm), Large Format Camera and now the cell phone and IPad. You can get a comparison of these cameras on the camera chart. The
Buying Guide will help you pick the right camera.
LenseLens
Lenses come in two connecting types, screw mounts and bayonet. Screw mounts are the older of the two and are not generally used today. They connect to the camera much like a light bulb. Bayonets on the other hand attach by matching the red dot of the camera with the red dot on the lens. Insert the lens in the opening and turn it gently to the right until you hear a click and feel a resistance on the lens.
There are five principle types of lenses, macro, normal, wide angle, zoom and telephoto. See the lens chart to get a brief description of each. The sources below will give you an even more in-depth view of these devices. Read more: Buying Guide.
FlashFlash
Flashes come as part of most point and shoot cameras. It is just a matter of pushing the button and up it pops. Remember that they are very limited, so don't expect a great deal from them. They can cause red eye and also a washing away of the colors under close shooting.
Some SLRs come with built in flashes as well as a hot shoe. Flashes have two modes which will enhance your photography
Automatic Mode: The proper amount of light is determined by the flash. A light sensor will set the duration of the flash and thus insure the correct exposure.
MTU.edu Steves Digicam Popular Photography Thomas Peteria Photgraphy
Manual Mode: The photographer determines the proper exposure by matching  the speed of the film, the distance from the subject and the light output of the flash.
Explora MTU.edu Shaw Academy Adorama Digicam Help Photo.net
Built in Flash Usage: The camera has its own flash which will determine the setting automatically beware the images will often be flat and over exposed.
Online Resources
Peta Pixels Improve Photography Digital Photography School
Digital Photography School
How to Understand the Difference Between TTL Versus Manual Flash Modes
. Read More: Buying Guide
FStoppers You Have Some New Photography Equipment: Why Learning and Using That New Gear Matters by TJ Blenker
Light MeterLight Meter
There are two principle forms of light meters, built in and hand held. They can either set the proper exposure controls for you or give you the information you need for proper light controls. Read more: Buying Guide
 
TripodTripod
The tripod is used to stabilize your camera for low light situations and for self portraits. It is also utilized for pictures that require slow shutter speeds. Read more: Buying Guide
 
Camera FilterA photographic filter is called an optical filter. They are usually made of fine glass or plastic. Generally they are screwed or clipped onto the front of the lens. It modifies the images to be recorded. They have a wide range of uses. They can darken or lighten an image, enhance the image color, reduce glare, protect the lenses and a host of other special effects. Buying Guide
Parts of a Camera 
Film Advance Lever-Moves the film to the next frame. Some cameras have automatic advance.
Shutter Release-Button use to take the photo.

Selector Dial-Controls cameras shutter speed.

Viewfinder-This is the eye piece through which the picture is composed. In the SLR you look through the lens, while in a P&S you see through a glass eye piece.

Timer-This lever postpones the shutter release.

Rewind-This knob returns the film back into its canister. Many cameras have an automatic rewind.

Lock-This locks the compensation. It is used for changing the ISO setting to compensate for extremes like snow and water glare.

Strap Holder-Holds the camera strap to the camera.

Lens-Through this device the image passes into the camera and on to the film.

F/stop-Controls the width of the apertures opening.

PC connector-This is used to plug into your camera other flashes and strobes.
LCD Panels-This shows the many settings, and number of pictures remaining.

Flash-Many cameras have a built in flash, they pop up when a button is pushed next to it. In most SLR they are located at the top of the camera. In P&S they are to the side of the lens, in the corner opposite of the viewfinder.

Red Eye Reduction Button-This sends out a number of short bursts of light that eliminates red eye.

Over Ride/Mode Switch-Used to change the numerous modes (i.e. TV, Av, P, Dep, etc.).

Depth of Field Preview-Allows the photographer to see front and back depth of field focus.

Battery Cap-Opens and closes the compartment to the battery.

Hot Shoe Mount-Attaches the flash to the camera.

Tripod Mount-Located at the bottom of the camera, this is used to attach the camera to a tripod.

Lens Release-Unlocks the lens so that a new lens can be added.

Back Release button-Opens the back for film insertion and removal.

Film Release Button-Push this button to remove the film
.
 

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